This thesis verifies that no laws in Islam are immutable.Immutability is only applicable to faith, values and ultimate goals in Shariah.Those laws which look immutable even in ritual part of the religion are not actually immutable and are subject to change under special circumstances.Islamic laws have been developed out of certain conditions and necessities of the time and space.This flexibility must be known as the essential feature of the Islamic law.The framewoek for this flexibility and change has been predicted and verified in the main sources of Shariah i.e the Quran, the Sunnah,Ijma,Qiyas,Aql and Urf.The primary source of the Islamic law (the Quran)is, in itself, flexible on the basis of the analysis that the Quranic legislation leaves room for flexibility in the evaluation of its injunctions.The Quran is not specific on the precise value of its injunctions,and it leaves open the possibility that a command in the Quran may sometimes imply an obligation, a recommendation or a mere permissibility.Commands and prohibitions in the Quran are expressed in a variety of forms which are often open to interpretation.The main devices for change predicted in Shariah are Ijtihad,Maslaha and Al-ahkam-al-thanaviiah(secondary rules).Chapter one discusses the concept and development of Ijtihad.In chapter two,the role of Ijtihad in providing the shariah with flexibility will be analysed.Chapter three outlines how in practice Ijtihad has been effective in making the Islamic law flexible.Chapter four is devoted to the concept of Al-ahkam-al-thanaviiah(secondary rules)as it has been developed by Muslim jurists.Chapter five will deal with the theory of Maslaha as a dynamic device in Shariah.Finally,in chapter six,the role of Al-ahkam-al-thanaviiah and Maslaha in Islamic Iranian law will be examined as it has been developed over the years.
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کد نوشتار : 15640